e-ID Cards and e-Passports
The world has begun a global shift towards a digital society with the explosion of digital technologies and emergence of new international and national threats to nations.
Calls for tightened security for international travelers and the increase of internal identity fraud have led nations to implementing passports and identification cards with biometric parameters.
On March 15, 2008, the President of the Republic of Armenia issued an official order entitled “On the Conception for Migration System of the Republic of Armenia and for Introduction of the System of Electronic Passports and Identification Cards with Biometric Parameters in the Republic of Armenia.”
In support of the Presidential Order, the Government of Armenia initiated a project for the introduction of electronic documents with biometric parameters in the Republic of Armenia which is coordinated by the Police of RA and EKENG CJSC.
The current passport will be replaced with e-ID card for citizens identification inside the country and e-Passport serving as a travel document.
- Provide Armenian citizens with new highly secure documents,
- Address the concerns of national security, border control and identity fraud,
- Facilitate visa regime,
- Create a secure infrastructure supporting e-Government services and promoting e-Society development in Armenia.
Armenian team through the technical support and advisement of international experts prepared the bidding documents and in October, 2010 the Tender for the introduction of electronic documents was announced.
The Government of the Republic of Armenia announced polish “PWPW SA” company as the winner of the tender. The introduction of biometric passports and ID cards in Armenia is scheduled for the 1st quarter of 2012.
- Establishment of safe and reliable electronic identification infrastructure,
- Introduction of fully compliant with ICAO standards electronic passports,
- Introduction of multifunctional eID card supporting e-services:
E-Pension accountArmenian citizens will have electronic personal pension account in the depository where social contributions will be accumulated. Personal pension accounts will be managed electronically by users.
E-Banking (internet-banking, mobile-banking)Currently almost all large banks are planning to introduce e-banking implementation mechanisms, which will ensure information exchange between the bank and client as well as making bank transactions, submission of applications for using bank services, receipt of information, account opening, checking, making transfers, receipt of statements, provision of complaints, suspension of cards, closing of cards, etc.
E-Signature InstrumentDigital certificates and private keys can be stored in the card equipping citizens with the possibility for identification, authentication and electronic signatures.
Medical cardThe card is envisaged to be used within the integrated health information system for citizens identification ensuring high level of confidentiality and security.
In Addition, health information such as blood type, chronic diseases, and allergies can be stored in the chip for providing immediate treatment for emergency cases.
Driving LicenseDriving license information such as license type, expiry date, etc can be stored into the chip of eID card and replace the current driving license.
Payment CardThe card can be used for payments.